Dental Services

We offer a full range of dental services for adults and children in a professional, friendly, caring, environment. At Pape Dental Centre, we want our patients to feel calm and relaxed, and be confident in our ability to care for all your dental needs.

Pape Dental Centre offers convenient services to our clients:
  • Extended business hours, including evenings, early mornings, and Saturday appointments.
  • EMERGENCIES are always welcome.  
  • We accept payments using Visa, Interac (debit card), Mastercard, American Express, cash or cheque.
  • We offer service in the following languages:Greek, Romanian, Italian, Farsi, Cantonese, Mandarin, Latvian, Russian

Dental Services that we offer:
  • Bonding
  • Bridges
  • Comprehensive examinations and treatment planning (including oral cancer screening)
  • Cosmetic dentistry
  • Crowns (“caps”)
  • Contouring
  • Dentures (complete and partial, and repair services)
  • Emergency dental services
  • Family dentistry
  • General dentistry
  • Gum treatment and therapy (periodontics)
  • Hygiene services (teeth cleaning, scaling and polishing)
  • Implants
  • Nightguards (bruxism appliance)
  • Oral surgery (extractions, wisdom teeth removal, also with sedation)
  • Orthodontics (space maintainers)
  • Preventive dentistry (nutritional/dietary counselling)
  • Restorative (mercury-free fillings, tooth-coloured white fillings)
  • Root canal therapy (endodontics)
  • Sealants
  • Sports mouthguards
  • Teeth Whitening (bleaching)
  • Veneers

Please contact us, should you have any questions regarding the above services, or any other dental procedures that you many be considering.

Below you will find a description of some of our services and an FAQ section:

  • Bonding, White Fillings, Veneers
  • Teeth Whitening, Bleaching
  • Crowns
  • Bridges, Implants
  • Dentures
  • Root Canal Therapy (Endodontics)
  • Preventive Services, Gum Treatment and Therapy, Periodontics, Teeth Cleaning
  • Oral Surgery (Extractions, Wisdom Teeth Removal, Optional Sedation)
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Bonding, White Fillings, Veneers
This cosmetic, restorative procedure involves bonding tooth-coloured restorative material to teeth in order to restore them, or sometimes simply to mask discolouration or to restore fractured or chipped teeth, achieving a beautiful aesthetic result.  Veneers are also available in porcelain - a thin layer which is bonded to a healthy tooth structure.  With this procedure, tooth colour can be changed to provide the patient with a translucent, uniform, white colour, as well as to fill in gaps where necessary, or alter appearance of tooth contour (to make them more uniform).








 
 

Teeth Whitening, Bleaching
This procedure safely whitens and brightens the teeth to achieve a beautiful, aesthetic result.  A safe concentration of hydrogen peroxide is used to achieve this.  Many patients are good candidates for this procedure, but not everyone.  Ask us today about how you may benefit from this procedure.

Before
After
       
 

Crowns
A Crown is commonly known as a “Cap” and is used to cover a tooth to protect it, and to prevent fracturing.  This restorative procedure is used when there is an existing, very large white restoration (filling) on the tooth, or if the tooth has had root canal therapy (endodontic treatment), making the tooth more brittle.  When any of these conditions exist, the tooth is much more susceptible to fracture if a crown is not placed on them.  

Crowns are often made with porcelain bonded to metal, combining aesthetics with strength.  Sometimes a full porcelain crown can be made for an anterior (front) tooth for maximum aesthetics.  Also, for posterior (back) teeth in a non-aesthetic area of the mouth, a full metal crown can be made for maximum strength and minimal tooth reduction.



   
 

Bridges, Implants
As the name implies (bridge), this “fixed” form of prosthodontics spans the gap created by a missing tooth, or missing teeth.  This cemented appliance involves crowning supporting teeth on both sides of the gap, filling the gap with prosthetics; “lifelike”, real-looking teeth that sit slightly above the gums, giving a very natural appearance.  These bridges are often made with porcelain bonded to metal for strength.  Sometimes bridges are utilized as they provide the best solution for replacing missing teeth, but sometimes other solutions are more optimal; if teeth on either side have had root canal therapy, or are heavily restored (or both), then they would need “full coverage”, so a bridge might be a good solution.  If teeth on either side have no restorations on them, or very minimal ones, then an implant may be used.   

 

Dentures
Complete (full) dentures are removable and are made when the patient has no existing teeth.  
Partial dentures can be made when the patient has some existing, healthy, natural teeth to support the denture.

Both full and partial dentures are removable prosthodontic appliances that replace lost or missing teeth.  Dentures are sometimes the best option for replacing missing teeth because they are non-invasive.

Repairs and relining of dentures can usually be done.

     
 

Root Canal Therapy (Endodontics)
A tooth has a canal(s) filled with pulp, containing blood vessels and nerve tissue.  Sometimes, when decay progresses to the pulp of the tooth, infection and abscess may occur, requiring root canal therapy to salvage the tooth.  Also, teeth with deep restorations may eventually require root canal therapy.  Sometimes endodontic treatment is required when there has been trauma to the tooth, resulting in injury to the pulp that is not reversible.  At this point, if root canal therapy is not done (and it is not always the best treatment option) then extraction of the tooth will be necessary to eliminate pain and infection.

         
 

Preventive Services, Gum Treatment and Therapy, Periodontics, Teeth Cleaning
This area of dentistry involves all of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the diseases affecting the surrounding tissues (gingiva, bone, etc...) of the teeth (or implants) that actually support the teeth.  This branch of dentistry is equally important to caring for the teeth themselves, just an important as the prevention of decay.  Scaling (cleaning) of the teeth at appropriately set intervals along with good home care is very important for the prevention of diseases affecting the gums and helping to achieve and maintain good oral health.  Sometimes, excessive breakdown of soft tissue (developing deep pockets) and significant bone loss require further intervention to help prevent tooth loss.  Good oral hygiene and good dietary habits are essential to maintain optimal oral health.    

       
 

Oral Surgery (Extractions, Wisdom Teeth Removal, Optional Sedation)
Teeth can be extensively decayed and “broken down” so that they are not restoreable, not salvageable, and hence need to be extracted.  In other situations, teeth may have lost a significant amount of their surrounding supporting tissue (bone loss and soft tissue attachment), and they would have developed very deep periodontal pockets; these teeth are often mobile at this stage, not salvageable and therefore need to be extracted.  

Wisdom teeth do not always need to be removed, but sometimes it is required, where infection and impaction (mal-positioned for eruption and the potential for infection, etc...) are present, as well as the presence of significant decay and consistently very poor oral hygiene in the area.

We offer sedation with the services of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon where needed.  






       
 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Q – Do missing teeth always need to be replaced?
A – No. If a tooth is missing in the posterior (back) part of the mouth, it is not esthetically visible, there are a sufficient number of teeth with which to chew properly, and the occlusion (or bite) is stable (this will not allow for drifting of adjacent or opposing teeth), then replacement of a missing tooth is not necessary.

On the other hand, if multiple teeth are missing, chewing is usually more difficult, the missing teeth tend to be more visible, and adjacent or opposing teeth often drift (move). This will require that the lost or missing teeth be replaced.. Similarly, if anterior (front) teeth are missing, it is more esthetically necessary to replace them for optimal function and esthetics.

Q – “My teeth don’t hurt”. Why do I need a visit for a checkup?
A – When your teeth don’t hurt, it is really the best time to visit your dentist for a checkup and a cleaning. This is part of “preventive care” - for the prevention of problems that do cause pain and discomfort. By examining your teeth (and sometimes with the use of radiographs), we will be able to advise if there are any cavities (decay), if there are any problems with your “gums”, presence of deep pockets, bone loss, etc…

If treatment is required, early intervention is best before the decay progresses to the pulp of the tooth . If this occurs, then a root canal is needed.At this point, there is often pain present along with infection, and sometimes an abscess will occur. Periodontal disease (a disease of the “gums”, supporting bone, etc…) could also become advanced and more difficult to treat.

In some cases, once pain sets in, the teeth themselves, or their surrounding, supporting structure could already be quite destroyed. When this occurs, the teeth cannot be saved.

Prevention and early intervention if a problem exists, are of key importance.